Welcome to the official site of the NutriAging project, realized under the Interreg V-A Cross-border Cooperation Program of the Slovak Republic - Austria, Priority Axis 1: Contributing to the Intelligent Cross-Border Region
The Interreg Program supports the cooperation of major research institutes from Slovakia (Bratislava) and Austria (Vienna), the task of which is the mutual exchange of experience and knowledge and their subsequent dissemination to the general public.
About the project
The constant increase in life expectancy in Central Europe, accompanied with age-related diseases, presents a socio-economic challenge that will become a considerable financial burden for the health service in the future.
Particularly a cross-border region between Vienna and Bratislava is characterized by the highest incidence of diseases such as diabetes, dementia, cancer or cardiovascular diseases. The average life expectancy in Slovakia is 73.2 years (males) / 80 years (females) (SO SR, 2014) and in Austria 78.0 years (males) / 83.3 years (females) (Statistik Austria, 2015). The inhabitants of Slovakia are leaders in the shortest ''healthy lifestyle'' in the EU. The causes are different, but we can see the lack of investment in health care, inappropriate eating habits and inappropriate lifestyle.
A healthy lifestyle, including diet and physical activity, contributes to a significant reduction of chronic diseases and to an increase in quality of life, including the mental health. In particular, some nutrients (vitamin D, proteins, omega-3 fatty acids) have been found reduced in the diet of seniors. In addition, an appropriate diet in geriatric care and institutions for the elderly is often neglected and does not receive sufficient attention, although its importance is scientifically based.
Therefore, it is necessary to raise the awareness about the healthy nutrition and diet of seniors, future seniors, as well as all the people who support seniors in their life situation
to improve the quality of life by raising awareness of healthy nutrition need, which will contribute to the prevention of ''unhealthy'' aging,
to reduce the incidence of age-related diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus and mental disorders (depressive disorder, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's) in the cross-border region, and reduce the cost of healthcare associated with aging - improving nutrition and health awareness of older people of today and tomorrow, as well as of health care professionals and nurses in the cross-border area of AT-SK,
in the research section to monitor the impact of selected nutrients (vitamin D, omega-3 fatty acids and proteins) on the health of the elderly,
to identify markers of ''healthy'' physical and mental aging,
to train the elderly of today and tomorrow as well as health care professionals and nursing staff about the role of nutrition in healthy aging.
University of Vienna
Department of Nutritional Sciences
Research Platform Active Ageing
Centre of Sport Science and University Sports
Comenius University in Bratislava
Faculty of Medicine
Institute of Medical Chemistry, Biochemistry and Clinical Biochemistry
Federal Ministry of Health and Women
Representative: Priv.Doz. Dr. Pamela Rendi-Wagner
Association of Hospitals in Vienna
Representative: Dr. Eva – Maria Strasser
The Vienna Health Support
Representative: Mag. Christian Fessl, Dennis Beck
Kuratorium Wiener Pensionistenwohnhäuser
Representative: Mag. Jennifer Obermayr
Wien - Magistratsabteilung 13 - Bildung und außerschulische Jugendbetreuung
Representative: Mag. Brigitte Bauer-Sebek
Österreichische Gesellschaft für Ernährung
Representative: Mag. Alexandra Hofer
Association of Providers of Social Services of the Slovak Republic
Čachtická 17, 831 06 Bratislava – Rača, Slovak Republic, http://www.apssvsr.sk/
Representative: Ing. Milada Dobrotková, MPH, predsedníčka
The Unity of Pensioners of Slovakia
Krajská organizácia JDS Trnava, Hlavná 7, 917 01 Trnava, Slovak Republic
Representative: Margita Fabiánová, predsedníčka KO JDS Trnava (pre región trnavského kraja)
Bagar Civic Association
Azalková 4, 821 01 Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Representative: PhDr. Miloš Nemeček, prezident OZ Bagar
Slovak Gerontological and Geriatric Society
Geriatric Clinic, Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University and FH, Limbová 5, 83301 Bratislava – Nové mesto, Slovak Republic, https://www.geriatri.sk/
Representatives: Doc. MUDr. Martin Dúbrava, CSc – Head of the Clinic
Prof. MUDR. Silvester Krčméry, CSc.– President of Society
Comenius University, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports
Nábrežie arm, gen. L. Svobodu 9, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Representatives: doc. Mgr. Marián Vanderka, PhD. - dean
Mgr. Ján Cvečka, PhD. – Head of the Diagnostic Center of prof. Hamara
Viera Ujlakyová – assistent of project manager
Chrappová Mária – administrative worker
Opálená Daniela – laboratory technician
Chandogová Ľubica - laboratory technician
Oľga Reinoldová – laboratory technician
The project is co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund under the Interreg V-A Operational Program of the Slovak Republic - Austria
Total eligible budget
765 292 EUR
650 498 EUR
Partner's own resources
114 794 EUR
Total eligible budget
543 441 EUR
461 925 EUR
Partner's own resources
27 172 EUR
Co-financing (SR budget)
54 344 EUR
Frequently asked questions
Ten Tips to Healthy Eating
- Eat a varied diet. To maintain your health, you need over 40 different nutrients and no food alone can supply all of them. Remove food so your nutrition is balanced over a certain period of time. If you have a high fat meal, have a low-fat dinner. If you eat a large portion of meat in one day, you can fish for the next day.
- The basis of your nutrition is to be a carbohydrate-rich food. Most people do not eat enough food like bread, pasta, rice, other cereals or potatoes. More than half of the calories (56% of the daily energy value) in the diet should come from these foods. Taste whole grain pastries, pasta and other whole grain cereals to increase your fiber intake.
- Treat lots of fruits and vegetables. Most of us do not eat these foods in sufficient quantity, although they provide important nutrients. Eat at least five portions a day (400 g / day) raw or prepared in a dish.
- Keep a healthy body weight and feel good. What weight is appropriate for you, it depends on a number of factors, including your gender, height, age and inheritance. Excessive weight increases the likelihood of many diseases including heart disease and cancer. Excess body fat accumulates if you eat more calories than your body can convert to energy. These excess calories can come from any nutrient that contains energy from proteins, fats, carbohydrates or alcohol, but the most concentrated source of calories is fat. Movement is a good way to increase your daily energy expenditure and make it even better to feel. It's simple: if you pick up, you have to eat less and more and be more active.
- Eat adequate portions - limit, do not exclude food.If you keep an appropriate portion size, if you are healthy, you can eat all the foods you love without having to exclude some of them. An adequate portion is, for example: 100 g of meat, one medium sized piece of fruit, half a cup of raw pasta and 50 ml of ice cream. If you eat in a restaurant, you can check the energy value in the meal card or order a half portion.
- Eat regularly. Leaving meals, especially breakfast, can lead to uncontrollable hunger and consequently to a prey. Placing a tenth or lead over the main meals will help to suppress hunger, but do not eat too much to avoid eating the right meals. Do not forget to count the ten and the lead in your total calorie intake. You can suppress hunger by, for example, a portion of fruit, a bunch of unsalted nuts,
- Drink plenty of fluids.Adults need to drink at least 1.5 to 2 liters of fluid per day. Even more if they are very hot or physically active. Drinking water is a good source of liquids and can be supplemented with mineral water, tea and other, mainly unsweetened beverages.
- Move.A lot of excess calories and little exercise can lead to weight gain. Movement, even at a moderate pace, helps to burn extra calories. It is good for heart and circulatory system, good mood and overall health and well-being. So, move the movement between your everyday habits. Use the stairs instead of the elevator. During lunch break, go for a walk.
- Start right now and make changes gradually.Making gradual changes in your life is much easier than big changes. Write down all meals and drinks you eat during main meals and snacks during three days. You will find out if your diet is quite varied. Do you eat too little fruit or little vegetables? Try to eat one piece of fruit or vegetables a day more. Do your favorite foods contain much fat and do you get? You do not have to exclude these foods and feel frustrated, but try to choose their low-fat variants or eat smaller portions.
- Remember that everything is about balance. There are no "good" or "bad" foods, only correct or incorrect nutrition. Do not feel guilty for the foods you love, but treat them with peace. Also choose other foods that make you balance and the variety necessary for good health.
Total well-being depends on physical and mental stimulation. Good physical condition positively affects physical health, a person less subject to fatigue. There are about half of people suffering from memory impairment after fifty, after three quarters after seventy. Memory problems, however, sometimes have younger people, including pupils and students.
The cells of our muscles and nerve cells behave the same way, they need to be in action, otherwise they lose their performance. If for some reason we stay for a while on the bed, we move less, we need time for physical rehabilitation. Adequate and regular mental effort causes brain cells to literally "bloom" because each activity stimulates the formation of new protrusions and cell connections. If we avoid it and just passively live our everyday lives, the cells will weaken and eventually die.
Today we know that probably the only effective preventive tool against premature aging of the brain is the training of cognitive functions. He is building a "mental reserve". Memory training is important because it keeps the brain active and healthy. In addition to good memory, it helps to release certain chemicals that are important in the functioning of the immune system, protecting the brain from disease and damage.
Brain practice needs to be done in every life stage, especially when the person starts getting older. Every day we find time for activities that keep our brain on alert. It can be reading books, lulling crosses, games like scrabble, bridge or pax, learning about issues that interest us, communicating - interviewing other people. Group memory training can be a pleasant enjoyment among peers, a way to raise self-confidence, a useful prevention of the natural deterioration of memory that comes from the age, respectively. prevention of Alzheimer's disease.
The Alzheimer's Dementia is the official name of the disease, which is diagnosed annually by thousands of people around the world. It mainly affects people over 65, but also younger. What we call dementia today appears over thousands of years in written sights of human civilization.
The word dementia comes from the Latin dementia, that is, irrationality, imprecision. He was first used by Aurelius Cornelius Celsus in the book "De medicine" in the 1st century AD. As a medical term, the expression dementia appears later at Filip PinAlois Alzheimer's, the head physician at La Salpetriere at the Paris hospital. Pinel is considered to be a creator of a modern approach to mental illness that has introduced an element of human attitude and kindness into the care of the mentally handicapped. In 1801 he published a book on mental illness, describing the psychiatric syndrome he calls dementia. In modern psychiatric classification, the concept of dementia was introduced in 1814 by Filip Pinela's student Dominique Esquirol. He has marked it as a brain disease characterized by a weakening of perception, communication and will.
In the 19th century, the development of medical science continued, a microscope with sufficient resolution to detect the atrophy of brain cells. At this time, Alojz Alzheimer was the one who made fundamental discoveries in the study of dementia due to microscopic analysis.
Born in 1864 in the German village of Markbreit. Psychiatric practice began at the Hospital for Mental Illness and Epileptics in Frankfurt am Main where he was interested in the treatment of mental illness.
Very soon he became a recognized authority in the clinic of senile dementia. Because he was also a skilled laboratory technician, he achieved considerable accuracy in the descriptions of microscopic pathology. In 1902, he was invited to work at the University of Heidelberg with Professor Emil Kraepelin, the founder of modern clinical psychiatry. When Kraepelin was commissioned to lead a new clinical and research center in Munich, he had taken Alzheimer's 35 year old with him. New techniques of microscopic brain tissue staining enabled him to identify changes in brain cell architecture that accompany arteriosclerosis and senility. The most prominent feature of Alzheimer's work was the ability, based on rich clinical experience, to compare microscopic observations of dissectional disease samples with disease symptoms in patients before they underwent some of the degenerative processes.
first Loss of short and long term memory
It's getting worse in day-to-day activities. It is normal to forget a term, a name or a friend's phone number occasionally and remember them later. A person with Alzheimer's disease forgets these things more often and does not remember them later. Likes mainly events that have happened recently.
second Difficulties with performing previously known activities
For example, phoning, cooking. A person with Alzheimer's disease loses the ability to make the right meal, or forgets to eat.
third Difficulty with speech
Everyone sometimes has the problem to find the right word, but the person with Alzheimer's disease forgets simple words. Or it replaces them with incorrect expressions, making it speechless. Sometimes it uses nipples without meaning, word wool (this, that).
4th Disorientation in time and space
It's normal to forget for a while what day or where we are. But the person with Alzheimer's disease is often or permanently. He may lose himself on his own street and can not pull home. He does not know what year, month, and day he often does not know where he is, or he remembers the old one.
5th Deteriorated judgment
It may result in an improper assessment of the situation and what needs to be done subsequently. For example, a person with Alzheimer's disease will not understand that he or she has a fever and that you are going to a doctor or a medication. It can also be dressed disproportionately - summer fur and so on.
6th Problems with abstract thinking
A person with Alzheimer's disease will not understand more complicated instructions, such as filling in a postal voucher, etc.
seventh Incorrect Placement of Objects
Every now and then he forgets where he put his wallet or keys. A person with Alzheimer's disease puts things in the wrong / inappropriate places, a refrigerator iron, a ring to a carpeting, and the like.
8th Changes in mood and behavior
Everyone lives from time to time sad or moody. A person with Alzheimer's disease can, however, change his mind very quickly and without any obvious cause.
ninth Personality Changes
The personality traits can be a little bit different. People with Alzheimer's disease are gradually erasing their original personality traits, replacing them with suspicion, rejection, distraction or fear. Sometimes, indifference to apathy appears.
10th Initial loss
Everyone occasionally fails to fulfill their duties, but in time they will get their initiative and come back to them. A person with Alzheimer's disease is passive, requires constant encouragement.